Non-Surgical Gum Care Q & A
Cool Springs Laser Dentistry
Periodontal disease includes any infection that invades the structures around your teeth. Irritation of your gums, known as gingivitis, is the start of periodontal disease. If left untreated, it can spread to the cementum that covers your tooth roots, the periodontal ligament, and the alveolar bone.
If allowed to progress, these supporting tooth structures break down, and your teeth become loose and sometimes need to be extracted.
How can I prevent periodontal disease?
Daily flossing and brushing go a long way in preventing the development of periodontal disease. Regular visits to Cool Laser Dentistry for professional cleanings are also an important preventive measure. Dr. Rice recommends you come in once every six months, but you may need to visit more often if you already have gingivitis or periodontal disease.
Personal oral hygiene helps prevent disease because it scrubs away the plaque that harbors bacteria. Professional cleanings get at places you just can’t reach with a regular toothbrush or floss.
When plaque builds up along the gum line, or underneath it, it starts the process of gum disease. Your gums become inflamed, swell, and may feel tender.
Why do I have gum disease if I brush and floss regularly?
Sometimes, even when you do all the right things, you can still develop periodontal disease. Certain bacteria can be present but may remain in a dormant state as long as your immune system is working well. Then, when you’re subject to subtle stresses that tax your immune system, it sets in motion a chain reaction that results in the development of gum disease, among other illnesses.
Some people have a genetic predisposition to harboring the bacteria that is responsible for periodontal disease. Keep up with your regular professional cleanings and checkups so if problems do arise, they’re taken care of in a timely manner so you experience no tooth decay or loss.
What are the complications of periodontal disease?
Periodontal disease affects your overall health. It may have a connection to such conditions as:
- Heart disease
- Premature births
- Respiratory disease